Engleska reč godine Selfie i nove reči u Oksfordskom rečniku

Rec godine u engleskom jeziku - selfieReč godine po Oksfordskom rečniku je reč “selfi” (selfie). Selfi je fotografija na kojoj je neko uslikao sebe i najčešće je snimljena telefonom ili kompjuterskom kamerom, i zatim postavljena na neku od društvenih mreža, navodi se u objašnjenju Oksfordskog rečnika koji ju je proglasio za reč godine. Autoportreti slikani najčešće pametnim telefonima preplavili su društvene mreže i tako donele popularnost ovoj reči, čija je upotreba u poslednjih dvanaest meseci porasla za čak 17.000 odsto.

Ova reč prvi put upotrebljena je 2002. godine na jednom internet forumu u Australiji. Dalje su se nastavljali primeri slični ovoj reči, koji su se samo ređali po internetu.

Od ove reči nastalo je još nekoliko kovanica na engleskom jeziku, kao što su: “helfie” (fotografija frizure), “welfie” (fotografije na kojima se vežba), “drelfie” (fotografija u alkoholisanom stanju), “bookshelfie” (fotografija sa knjigom koja se trenutno čita).

Pogledajte u nastavku neke zanimljivosti i novosti vezane za najnovije reči u Oksfordskom rečniku koje donosimo u blogu engleskog jezika.

Selfie rec u engleskom„Selfie“ has been named as word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries

„Selfie“ (an informal photo you take of yourself, usually to share on social networks) is the Oxford Dictionaries’ „Word Of The Year 2013,“ beating „twerking“ (a type of very provocative dancing).

The word has evolved from a niche social media tag into a mainstream term for a self-portrait photograph, the editors said. Research suggested its frequency in the English language had increased by 17,000% in the last year, they added.

Nove reči u Oksfordskom rečniku
Nove reči u Oksfordskom rečniku

Other shortlisted words included „twerk“ – a raunchy dance move performed by Miley Cyrus – and „binge-watch“ – meaning watching lots of TV.

„Schmeat“, meaning a form of meat synthetically produced from biological tissue, was also a contender.

Selfie, phablet, emoji

A few years ago, these words held little to no meaning for most Americans. But thanks to the onward creep of new and pervasive technologies like smartphones, Facebook and photo-sharing, and communication services like Snapchat and Instagram, they have become nearly ubiquitous.

In August, 2013, Oxford Dictionaries added the word “phablet,” which refers to the larger-than-life smartphones that appear to be a cross between a tablet computer and a smartphone. And it pinpointed several popular Internet abbreviations, including “FOMO,” which stands for the “fear of missing out” and “tl;dr,” which stands for “too long; didn’t read.”

“The additions may have only just entered the dictionary, but we’ve been watching them for a while now, tracking how and where they are used,” said the organization in its blog post.

Selfie’s linguistic productivity

The linguistic productivity is already being seen by the creation of a number of related terms, showcasing particular parts of the body like helfie (a picture of one’s hair) and belfie (a picture of one’s posterior); a particular activity – welfie (workout selfie) and drelfie (drunken selfie), and even items of furniture – shelfie and bookshelfie. In fact, it seems that the words knows no bounds, although some do seem rather forced, with multiple interpretations, like the apparent delfie (where the d could stand for dad, dog, double, or rather inexplicably dead) or melfie, with the m being explained as Monday, moustache, male, or mum. Whether any of these catch on in the same way is debatable.

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Language is alive and forever changing. Approximately 25,000 new words are introduced into English on an annual basis. In the spirit of teaching you vocabulary skills in an entertaining way and to keep you with a finger on the linguistic pulse, the language network Verbalisti brings favourite ‘new’ words and expressions to the language in our FunVOCAB. Click here and enjoy!

Gospodar Jevremova 9a, Belgrade, Serbia

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