Greške u engleskom jeziku ne prave samo oni koji ga uče, već i mnogi profesionalci i poslovni ljudi kojima je engleski maternji jezik. Prikupili smo 200 najčešćih grešaka i nedoumica u engleskom jeziku i objasnili pravilnu upotrebu na primerima. Danas objavljujemo još 10 primera, a prethodnih četrdeset možete pogledati preko linkova na kraju današnjeg priručnika.
41. Should I use “exceptional/exceptionable”?
Both words are adjectives. Exceptional means unusual and not typical. For example, “Usain Bolt is an exceptional sprinter from Jamaica.” Exceptionable means causing disapproval and open to objection. For example, “Lance Armstrong’s continuous winning records were exceptionable especially after the accusations of doping.”
42. What about “extend/extensive”?
Extend is a verb that means to make longer or wider, to cover a large area, or to hold out to someone. For example the sentences, “The city will extend the parking time”, “Florida extends into the Gulf of Mexico”, and “The manager extended his hand to welcome me to the new position”. Extensive means to affect a large area. For example, “Her reading was extensive” and “The extensive farming techniques yielded a large crop.”
43. What is the difference between “feelings for/feelings about”?
When you use a phrase “feelings for”, the message is always positive. However, when you use the phrase “feelings about”, the message can be positive or negative. For example, “I have a bad feeling about the test” not “I have a bad feeling for the test.”
44. “Founder/flounder” – what should I use?
Founder as a noun means one who begins or establishes something like the founder of a city or company. Founder as a verb is not used extensively but it can mean to experience failure or to fill with water and sink. Flounder is a completely different word. As a noun, it is a type of marine fish. As a verb, it means to struggle to move or to proceed ineffectively. For example, “The Company floundered in the midst of the stock market crash.”
45. Is it “for sale or on sale”?
When something is for sale, it means the item is available for purchase. For example, “The house is for sale” or “The car is for sale.” As a customer, you need to ask what the price of the item is to buy. The phrase on sale means the item is reduced in price. In other words, it is sales price and you will pay less for the item than its full price. Have you ever bought something on sale?
46. Do you know the difference between “formally and formerly”?
Noticed the words are spelled differently and they are pronounced differently. In fact, they mean completely different things. You must be careful how you say them and how you use them. Formally means in accordance with the rules or officially. For example, “The Olympics were formally declared” means the Olympic competition officially began. And when you receive an invitation that says “formally attired”, it means to dress up. However, formerly means in the past or earlier times. For example, “The Company formerly employed only two employees and now boasts a workforce of 100.”
47. These words are often confused: “garnish/garner”?
They both can be verbs and nouns. Garnish as a verb means to decorate like “You garnish a salad with orange slices.” It can also mean to hold funds from like “The employee’s wages were garnished to pay back taxes.” As a noun, garnish means something that decorates. For example, “Parsley is a garnish for a dinner plate.” Garner as a verb means to gather or collect something especially information or approval. For example, “The police garnered the evidence for the crime.” As a noun, garner means a storehouse of grains like a silo on a farm.
48. “Lessen/lesson” both sound alike
Lessen is a verb that means to make or become less like “Her savings lessened as she spent money for college tuition.” Lesson is a noun that means a period of learning or teaching. For example, “She studies an English lesson online.”
Jig is a lively dance or a device that holds a piece of work and guides tools to operate on it. So, you can “dance a jig” or work in a factory with a “jig”.
50. A common mistake “went/gone”
Both words are verbs but, went is the past tense of “to go”. Went never has a helping verb. You say, “I went to work” not “I have went to work”. Gone always is used with a helping verb. For example, “She has gone to work”, “They have gone to work”, or “He had gone to work.”
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