Kako da najlakše naučite engleski – prvo rešite neke jezičke nedoumice, IX deo

Pogresno izgovorene reci u engleskom jeziku, Verbalisti

Tokom protekle nedelje objavljivali smo delove našeg najkompletnijeg pregleda grešaka koje se obično prave u korišćenju engleskog jezika. Svakog dana čekaju vas novi primeri. Na kraju, čak 200 primera biće vam na raspolaganju da poboljšate svoj engleski ili da rešite neke svoje nedoumice po pitanju reči, pravopisa ili gramatike. Današnju grupu čine neki prilično zanimljivi primeri:

81. How are these words different: “precedence/precedents”?
Both words are nouns that are pronounced the same. However, the word precedence means priority or a ceremonial order of rank, as in “My children take precedence over my work.” Precedents refers to things done or said that can be used as a model or example as in, “The precedents for young musicians having a hit single has been set.”

82. What differentiates these professionals: “psychologist/psychiatrist/psychotherapist”?
There are significant differences among these professionals. They tend to deal with different types of problems. Psychology is the study of people and how they think, act, react and interact. Psychologists deal with the way the mind works and they may specialize in mental health or educational psychology or occupational psychology. They are not medical doctors, and many of them do not work with people. Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Psychiatrists are medical doctors who see patients and may have a special area of expertise or research. Psychotherapy is a talking therapy conducted with individuals, groups, couples and families. Psychotherapists help people handle stress, troublesome habits, and emotional and relationship problems. They may be another health professional like a psychologist or psychiatrist who has had further specialist training in psychotherapy.

Reci u engleskom koje zbunjuju, Verbalisti83. “Purposely/purposefully”?
Purposely describes something done deliberately. If a young child pushes another child’s wooden block tower down, he might do this purposely because he wants to build something with the blocks or he might be jealous of the tall tower. Purposefully describes the action or demeanor of a person who is determined. For example, if you wanted to run a 5-K race, you would purposefully practice and be more conscious of healthy eating.

84. These words are often confused: “quite/quiet/quit”.
Quite is an adverb that means completely, totally, and absolutely like, “The lady is quite attractive with her new haircut” or “That job is quite attractive to me with the travel and weekend perks”. Quiet means a state of calmness like the library was quiet or the lake was quiet at dawn. Quit is a verb that means stop. If you quit smoking, you don’t smoke anymore. If you quit your job, you don’t work there anymore. You have stopped smoking and you have stopped working.

85. Similar sounding words: “raise/raze/rise”.
Raise and raze are pronounced the same with a long “a” sound. Rise has a long “i” sound. They are all verbs. Raise usually means to lift, heighten or to promote as in raising your hand or a flag. Or you are awarded a raise in salary. (However in England the term rise is used for a salary increase). Raze means to destroy or demolish as in the house was razed to make room for the new highway. Rise means to get up or increase. For example, there was a rise in the price of fruits and vegetables because of the cooler weather.

Engleski jezik i gramatika, Verbalisti86. How do you use “different/difference”?
The words different and difference have the same meaning. Difference is the noun form of different. Different is an adjective and refers to the quality or quantity of not being the same. For example, “There can be a difference in ages between the two friends because they are different ages.”

87. Two commonly used and misused words: “real/really”.
Real is an adjective that means true or factual and describes nouns and pronouns like, “The golden coin was made out of real gold.” Really is an adverb that means actually, indeed or in reality. It modifies verbs, adjectives and other adverbs, as in the sentence, “The temperatures this winter are really cold”.

88. “Resent/recent”?
The verb resent can be pronounced two different ways to mean two different things. The accent is on the second syllable for both pronunciations, but if the “s” sounds like a “z”, resent means to feel annoyed at like in the sentence, “The worker resented making minimum wage for all of the hard work that he did.” If the “s” sounds like an “s” the word resent means to send back as in the case of someone who resent an email. The other word, recent, is an adverb that means not long ago. For example, you could say that you recently spoke to your friend or your resume has been updated recently. That is if you spoke to your friend and updated your resume in the past few weeks.

89. I’ve heard both… what do I use: “in regard to/in regards to”?
The correct phrase is “in regard to” as in the sentence, “This response is in regard to the position I saw posted on your website”. It means concerning, regarding, with or in. Many people say “in regards to” but this is not correct English.

90. Which word is which: “regime/regimen”?
A regime is more often used as a form of government or administration, or a government in power. For example, “The new regime seemed to be supported by the majority of the working class.” A regimen is most often used to show a regulated system like a regimen for fitness or a diet. For example, you could say that he practices yoga in the morning before work as part of his daily regimen.

Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 1-10
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 11-20
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 21-30
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 31-40
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 41-50
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 51-60
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 61-70
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 71-80

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