Nedoumice i greške u engleskom jeziku, VI deo

Danas smo pozvali Mr. Bina u pomoć da nam reši neke dileme u engleskom…pogledajte 10 novih rešenja za jezičke nedoumice koje su vas do sad mučile 🙂

mister Bin i engleski51. “Had better/ought to/should” what is the difference?
These three verbs are all used to give advice. Had better is strongest emphasis because it implies a negative consequence if the advice is not followed. Another difference is that ought to and had better are not used with questions. For example, “Should I ask my boss for a raise?” Not, “Ought I to ask my boss for a raise?” And not, “Had I better ask my boss for a raise?”

52. “If I was/if I were”?
Both expressions mean the same thing in English. However, the phrase if I was + (a hypothetical situation) is considered by many people to be grammatically incorrect. This is not acceptable in more formal writing. For example, “If I were ten years younger, I would save more money.” Notice that the first part of the sentence implies that you are ten years younger which really cannot happen. Therefore, you use the expression, if I were. On the other hand, you say, “If I was rude on the phone with you, I apologize.” This means that it could happen.

Kako se kaze prezime na engleskom, Verbalisti53. “Install/instill”?
These words are both verbs. Install means to make ready or to put someone in an important job. For example, “I will install the new software for the computer” and “The University recently installed the new president.” Instill means to gradually cause someone to have an attitude, feeling, etc. For example, “Martin Luther King instilled in his followers a dream to have racial equality.”

54. When do you use “instance/instant”?
Instance is a noun which means an example of a type of action or situation. It can also mean an occasion of something happening. For example, “The confusion over the new procedure shows another instance of incompetence.” Instant can be a noun to mean a short period of time or an adjective to mean happening or done without delay. For example, “In an instant, my headache was gone when I took an aspirin.” Another example is “I sent an application for a job, and I received an instant reply.”

55. “Last name/family name”- what to use?
In western culture, a person’s last name is their family name. However, in many other cultures, the family name might be placed before the first name. Therefore, it might be confusing if you are asked “what is your last name”. In other words, just remember your last name is your family name.

56. How do you use the words “former/latter”?
Both words are adjectives. Former means previously field a role or it can mean the first of two things or people mentioned. Someone could have a former boss or former job. The word latter means occurring nearer to the end of something, like the latter half of the 21st century. Latter is the opposite of former when it is used to mean the second of two things or people mentioned.

57. How do use “lie/lay/laid”
Lie is an action you take to yourself, and lay is something you do to something or someone. For example, “We were so tired last night that we had to lie down and rest” and “Please lay down the books and listen to me.” Lay is the past tense of lie and Laid is the past tense of lay. The examples are: “He lay in the shade to take a break” and “She laid her infant down for a nap”.

58. When to use “let/leave”?
Do not be confused with these two words as let means to permit or to allow while the verb leave means to go away from or to put in a place. Examples: “We should never let our disagreement destroy the friendship” and “Please leave them alone.”

59. “Led/lead”?
The word lead has two specific meanings. As a noun (pronounced like bread), it is a metallic element. It is labeled “Pb” on the periodic table and is sometimes found in old paint. It can also be used as a verb, but then it is pronounced differently (pronounced like greed). In this case, it means to guide or direct like a parent who leads their child through example. However, the word led is a verb that means the past tense of the verb lead. If you can substitute the words “guided” or “directed” into the sentence, then you know that you used the word led correctly.

60. When do you use each word: “many/much”?
Both of these words mean a lot of. Usually, if a noun is singular, you use the word much. And if a noun is plural, you use the word many. For example, “You can have much work to do” and “You will invite many friends to the party.”

Ako ste propustili neke od ranijih primera, možete ih pregledati na sledećim linkovima:

Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 1-10
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 11-20
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 21-30
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 31-40
Engleski jezik, greške i nedoumice, primeri 41-50

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